What is Fascia or Myofascial Tissue?

Fascia, or myofascial tissue, is a thin but tough connective tissue that wraps around most structures within the body, including muscles. Therapists feel these under light manual pressure. While these areas may not be near the source of the pain, these tissues restrict muscle and joint movements, contributing to the rigid feeling of tissue and muscle pain.  

How does fascia work?

Fascia acts as a ‘lubricant,’ allowing organs and other muscles to move without sticking to each other. It is a connective tissue that runs in layers through the body, creating a pattern of interconnectedness that provides physical definition and function

What does fascial tightness feel like?

Fascial tightness often feels like tissues are restricting movements, pulling the body out of alignment. You may experience excessive pressure on your joints and muscles, resulting in pain in various body parts, including headaches.

What are the causes of myofascial pain?

Myofascial pain can come from the connective tissues that are too tight. It may also result from damaged or injured myofascial tissues, which can be triggered by nearby trigger points where muscle fibers connect. These restricted or contracted tissues slow down and limit blood flow to the affected areas, further increasing the tightness of the tissues.

What is myofascial release?

Myofascial release is a manual therapy technique often used in various therapies such as OT, PT, ST, and massage. It is a soft tissue treatment for addressing skeletal muscle immobility and pain. Myofascial release aims to relax the contracted tight muscles while improving blood circulation/lymphatic circulation and stimulate the stretch reflex in muscles.

Using myofascial release therapy to target specific areas of the fascia can help prepare patients for more aggressive forms of strengthening while reducing pain for patients with restricted movements. Treatment also helps patients regain more normal unrestricted movements and increased function.